It is a surveypaper, not research paper.

Answer to Question: 42013 Engineering Graduate Project


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
42013 Engineering Graduate Project
Just from $8/Page
Order Essay

A rise in cooling requirements has resulted in a surge in air conditioner demand.

Electricity is a scarce resource as it is being used less frequently.

It’s also expensive to use traditional fuels, such as oil and gasoline.

Furthermore, excessive use of fossil energy can cause greenhouse gas emission which will increase the chances of global warming.

The air conditioning refers a process that continuously reduces humidity by purifying the air and removing any hot air.

This process uses more energy.

Due to the high cost of electricity and the limited availability of non-renewable energies, there is a demand from the public for an alternative source. The answer is solar energy.

It is easily available and doesn’t cause harm to the earth.

Solar energy is affordable and can be easily substituted with conventional energy.

This report will examine various solar conditioners and highlight their advantages and drawbacks.The SurveyScope of the Survey

This survey discusses the importance and use of solar energies in the scientific field to reduce natural resource usage. It also focuses on the energy produced by the sun to sustain the long-term future.

This method is efficient in producing electricity under different conditions.

Surveyors have accepted this type of thermoelectric or renewable energies as there was no concern that it would harm the environment.

It can run on liquid or gas-based fuels that have a cooling capacity of 20 Kilowatt Hertz.

Researchers are particularly interested in solar energy as fossil fuels have been declared extinct.

This requires heavy components. Therefore, the simulation design and fabrication related survey are essential.

The components must be resistant to the solar energy.

The pumping is not reversed. Also, the coolant is used so that temperature can be controlled.

It is important to know that the coolant is essential in restoring the system’s normal temperature.

Thakur (2016) states that the thermal power and the photoelectric plates are used for maintaining the system’s temperature.

Evaporation is used in order to cool down the temperature.

It is not possible to use the sun conditioner in the low lying zones. The lower zone contains more moisture.

This is the subject of discussion.

Meanwhile, scientists have invented electronic devices to improve the atmosphere. New turbines are being developed.

Snegirjovs, et al. (2016). The photovoltaic plate is useful when the lights turn on. It then charges.

It starts working when the photoelectric lamps stop falling in the absence solar energy.

A. Fernandez Garcia (2009) stated that a parabolic container is created which can withstand 400 degrees C where the stream was used for power generation.

These kinds of energies are increasingly in demand because companies can make large-scale use of them, even when power is cut.

As technology improved, the size of the tunnels decreased. This will increase efficiency and lower costs.

Tyagi (2012) introduce a hybrid version of photovoltaic plates or thermal plates. The plates are modified by new elements every 30 years.

So it is extremely efficient to regulate the temperature so that the power can go to different places.

It can monitor and control the data being used and shared.

Stefania Sdringols (2009) created multiple cooling methods to improve efficiency.

The system must perform the minimum amount of work possible at any one time.

Because machines can never be perfect.

It is mainly about whether the system is providing the right amount of energy and technology to enable participation.

It will also monitor how long the physical components are being used.

Saidur (2011) continues with his survey in order for him to demonstrate that different electronic gadgets have different capacities to realize their potential.

It is evident that the solar array can provide energy at more than 44 per cent of its total capacity (Mekhilef Saidur and Safari 2011, 2011).

Tian (2013) illustrates how solar energy batteries could be transformed into future additions technologies.

How many energies can be produced and stored.

This also includes the maintenance of the systems.

Find out if the material can resist heat.

Zhai (2011) introduced solar chimneys to lower carbon in the atmosphere and decrease the heated content.

This is why we believe that this paper can lower the temperature more effectively and provide a healthier environment.

While it is true that solar plates emit more energy than others, this was only true in older periods when the environment was more pure.

This may be true. However, in the modern era of technology they are not harmful to nature.

Umberto Desideri (2009) discusses solar cooling. In this case, the energy comes from nature and is used to conserve the environment.

It discusses the installation and benefits of the systems.

The same concept has been applied to the solar conditioner.

It is essential that both the operation and the experimental analysis are carried out in order to ensure an optimal process.

Gang Li and Yunhoho Hwang are the authors of the article on solar storage. This describes how energy is preserved to make food look healthier, for however many days, we want.

There are many storage media available, including water, water, paraffin, and fatty acid.

The moisture can transform the food particles to semi-solid and solid forms. This allows them to last for over a year.

It is extremely useful for people living alone or helping in emergencies.

With time, chemical properties might change.

Products are not stored in such a manner that they can be used again.

The solar AC conditioner is composed of the plates on it. After it heats up, the sun’s radiation will fall directly on the transparent plates.

In this system, the liquid propellant can also be used so that it keeps cooling simultaneously.

The building is positive and gives a positive reaction. It also has a dust-free environment.

The building showed a normal environment that was fresh.

However, people fell sicker in the artificially produced air conditioner.

The air conditioning was not a good environment.

The people who were affected by the atmosphere inside had to endure it for a long time.

It increases the comfort level in the living space and reduces carbon dioxide.

This renewable energy can never be lost, but it can only be used in different ways.

It is too hot in summer, but an air conditioner will cool it down and transform the energy into different forms that can be used more effectively.

It is possible to turn the cooling session on and off during the summer.

This will allow you to reduce the overall cost of the item.

No problem with power shortage.

The chemical properties change in the environment, but the physical property do not.

The chemical properties of hydrocarbons are susceptible to changing.

While the bacteria in the preservatives may multiply, they are not harmful to anyone.

Keep the food pure if it is being used within the system.

The temperature can rise dramatically when everyone uses the solar AC conditioner in one area.

It is well-known the plates are excellent conductors. This will cause an increase in temperature which can lead to greenhouse effects.

Bal, Soni and Sharma (2014) see energy as a necessary requirement to survive in an increasingly technology-oriented world.

The researchers found that energy consumption for air conditioning is much higher in ACs and refrigerants.

This is thought to contribute to global warming.

Global warming is linked to rising temperatures, according to a survey.

The exhaustible energy source can be depleted by the use of it.

These are the main reasons why you should switch to solar power.

It is abundant in nature.

It is widely used by solar assisted cooling methods.

The solar absorption methods are concentrated.

Solar thermal cooling is the preferred option for solar electric cooling. The solar thermal collectors have an efficiency greater than 70% and can capture the solar heat.

The direct conversion from solar energy into electricity cannot provide the same efficiency as the indirect method, which can only deliver around 35 percent.

It was determined that heat energy is created from the rest of the solar energy.

CFCs and HCFCs are released from heat energy, which can lead to the destruction of the ozone.

The indoor comfort conditions are more effective for hybrid AC than the standalone vapour compression AC.

The hybrid solar air conditioner is a state of the art technology.

The AC conditioner uses less energy when it incorporates desiccant. This reduces the AC’s workload in humid areas.

The hybrid system can lower the compressor’s energy consumption (U and K. P., not yet published).

It has been shown that solar cooling can be a good application of the solar thermal energy, especially where there is high solar insolation and high cooling loads.

Technique refers to the difference between the standalone system and the hybrid. It transforms the gas into a liquid which can be used again.

GhaffarianHoseini (2012) stated that AC increased use can cause an increase in electricity usage, which can lead into energy crises.

Limkokwing University in Malaysia, where the research was done, found that AC increased energy consumption.

It is believed that renewable energy can solve excess energy consumption.

Campus is also considered to be an eco-friendly source of energy, helping to reduce greenhouse gases.

The difference between the traditional AC and solar AC is that the solar AC uses the mechanical energy of the sun to transfer heat by compressing and expanding a refrigerant.

A solar air conditioner can also absorb heat to create a cooling effect.

As a result, the campus is facing financial problems and the country runs some electricity.

It is possible to cut costs and increase the quality life in cities by using an environmentally friendly energy system.

Choudhury Chatterjee and Sarkar (2010) have stated that solar-powered sorption refrigeration systems based on sorption refrigeration will not contribute to the greenhouse gas emissions problem.

Qdah (2015) mentions Saudi Arabia’s solar ACs being installed in buildings. This is because of the extreme outside temperature.

To verify its effectiveness, the integrated solar AC with photovoltaic system (PV) are examined.

This PV system utilizes which solar charger, battery, inverter, PV panels and inverter.

The use of the PV system is suggested for AlMadinah regions where the electricity cost is too high.

Two solutions are provided, each based on the other.

Sharma and co-authors (2009) identified an environmentally friendly method of implementing AC systems.

With the Peltier device it allows for the preservation of fossil fuel resources and the avoidance of any risks to the environment.

The role of thermoelectricity-based AC is vital.

This AC system is powered entirely by solar energy.

This AC system allows for large temperature swings.

If the signal processing and signal conditioning elements have been incorporated, it could be an intelligent device.

Kongre and Mahure (2014) observed that solar energy can reduce energy consumption, as well as reducing environmental hazards.

The primary source for energy for the solar desiccant ACs, is solar energy.

It can be used to heat transfer heat from ambient air to cool it.

It is cost-effective, non-corrosive.Sl. No.Solar Cooling TechnologiesCost Range per 5 TR AC unitCOP1.Solar Assisted Vapor Compression System$10,503 [100]3-6 [98-99]2.Solar Assisted Absorption System (LiBn/H20)$20,000 [103]0.76-0_83 [101-105]3.Solar Assisted Absorption System(H20/NH3)$5,000 [107]0.57-0_62 [101, 102, 104-107]4.Solar Assisted Absorption System$20,000 [108]0.40-0_61 [101-108]5.

Solar-Assisted Solid Desiccant System$25,000 [109]1.06-1_22 [101-109]Ravi Gugulothu et al.

(2015) discussed the review of solar ACs and the benefits of solar conditioning. This is a modernization mainly intended to lower the cost of electricity for homes and businesses.

In the building energy system, solar energy is a major player.

Yu, (2009) claim that buildings are equipped with air conditioning systems to maintain a healthy, productive, and comfortable environment.

The solar air conditioner technology offers a great potential to decrease conventional energy consumption in the building sector.

It has many different types of components and devices. These should be placed in the correct order for all operations.

Conditioner air should be evenly distributed in the conditioned area to provide heat or cool, as well as ease of manipulation and control.Vijay Kumar.

B. Chanashetty (2015). This solar AC system was installed in buildings and has many environmental benefits. For example, it reduces grid trade, loads switch during high usage, decreases electricity costs, and lowers cool house gas emissions.

Stephen White (2014) and Daniel Rowe (2014) analyzed the performance solar ACs to improve the house’s value.

It is a wise investment in solar systems, as most solar users see it as a positive.

This allows you to save money, and also makes it possible to make a profit from reselling any untapped energy returned to the original state.

Incentive programs can reduce the total cost to set up a solar AC system in your house or business at a very high level.

They provide greater benefits to the user, as air conditioners lower the electricity bill and the main cost.

However, the federal and state governments now offer additional incentives to users.

Alazazmeh, Mokheimer (2015) noted that solar cooling is the most cost-effective technology.

It is a cost-effective technology that can reduce demand on the main grid and help shift load when there are peak usage.

For the achievement of refrigeration, there are many different solar energy technology options.Vijay Kumar.

B. Chanashetty (2015) explains how the cons of Solar ACs include their high initial cost and longer usage that can cover the initial investment.

It’s entirely dependent on electricity, which limits its use to certain countries.

Because it uses the sun’s energy only.

A solar energy system is costly, however.

So the solar panels can be tracked to ensure they are always facing the sun.

Make adjustments based on the season.Z.F.

K. Sumathy (2000) studied the process of cleaning or purifying solar air conditioning systems. Z.F.

You should clean the panels that have snows or dust.

The solar panels are generally located on the roof of your house. It is therefore very difficult to clean them.

It can only provide 200 watts power.

The panels are smaller than solar systems and provide less power supply.

These solar batteries can be expensive to purchase.

Solar batteries can be difficult to maintain and are not very useful for long periods of time.

N. Noor, A. Arshad (2016) compiled a review on recent developments in solar system harvesting by the solar collector.

It works with both types of methods.

Flat plate collector is used to heat water. Evacuated tube collector maximizes radiation efficiency. C.A. Balaras et al.

(2007). We will be discussing the solar cooling technique.

The system is divided into two departments: the open and close cycle systems technology.

The absorption process is the primary focus in closed systems.

This is due to its simplicity and low noise level.Z.F.

K. Sumathy and Li (2000) studied cooling technologies.

A double-effect convertible system offers a higher rate of convertible absorption cooling.

Khaled Al Qdah (2015) shared his thoughts on the particular country climate, and how the solar powered ACs would perform during that particular season (Gugulothu. et. al. 2015.).

They discuss the current status of the methodology.

Those are the gathering of the needed material. They are calculated based upon the space and cooling load calculations process for the design of material. Also, the material’s temperature tolerance.

The temperature is an important factor in determining the size.

The correct location of the solar systems should be chosen based on the sun’s rays.

Make sure the connections are done according to the correct basements.

It is important to test the system for capacity. The system should be tested at least 8 hours per day and have an adequate capacity.

GhaffarianHoseini (2012) cites Khor Jiunn hao and GhaffarianHoseini as saying that the summer heat causes solar energy systems to use more.

The result is a variety of problems in the electricity supply.

The building structure as well as the age of the house can have an impact on the energy quality.

The rational energy is necessary to avoid economic and environmental problems.

Solar cooling is used primarily to increase heat and cooling.

It is also synchronized within companies.

It can also be used to determine the amount of energy being destroyed by solar systems.

Optimization of the solar systems performance can be achieved by decreasing energy losses.


The appropriate results have been determined from the survey of several researches.

There are many types of solar conditioning systems that were examined.

According to the survey, solar conditioners prove to be economical and effective in protecting the environment against global warming.

The solar ACs have both advantages and disadvantages.

The benefits of solar ACs include their ease of maintenance and ability to be used in areas with high electricity costs.

A solar energy system is a way to generate solar energy.

It is both the most efficient and cost-effective method (Afshar and al. (2012).

It also increases the ACs’ efficiency.

Solar ACs come with a disadvantage: they are very expensive and entirely depend on solar power.

The country of use for solar air conditioners is a factor.

The position of the solar panel changes according to the season.

Cleansing solar air conditioners is difficult as they are located on a roof that is subject to dust.

The solar batteries are very costly to purchase.

Additionally, the maintenance of solar batteries is difficult and is not recommended for long-term use.

Refer to

Alazazmeh A. & Mokheimer E. (2015).

Review of Solar Cooling Technologies.

Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering. 04/05/

Bal, D. Soni S. and Sharma D. (2014). Solar vs.

Conventional Air-Conditioning Systems Review: LIMKOKWING University Campus.

Cabrera F. Fernandez Garcia A. Silva R. Perez Garcia M. (2013).

Parabolic trough collectors can be used in solar refrigeration and air-conditioning applications.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 20, pp.103–118.

Chan, H.R., Riffat S. & Zhu J. (2010).

Reviewed passive solar heating and cool technologies.Khor Jiunn Hao, E. and GhaffarianHoseini, A. (2012). Solar vs.

Conventional Air Conditioning Systems: A Review of LIMKOKWING University Campus Cyberjaya, Malaysia.

Journal of Creative Sustainable Architecture & Built Environment.

Kongre D., Mahure D. and Zamre P. (2014).

A Review on Solar Desiccant Air Conditioner.

International Journal of Engineering Research. 3(4). pp. 265-266.

Koroneos C. Nanak E., Xydis G. (2009).

Solar Air-conditioning Systems Effect on the Built Environment. A Thermodynamic Approach.

45th ISOCARP Congress.Qdah, K. (2015).

Performance of Solar-Powered Air Conditioning Unit under AlMadinah AlMunawwarah Climatic Conditions.


U, V. & K. P. V. (n.d.).


Journal of Electrical Engineering.

Yu, B. Hu Z. Liu M. Yang H. Kong Q. Liu Y. (2009).

Review of the research on indoor air quality control systems and air-conditioning systems.

International Journal of Refrigeration. 32(1).

Choudhury B. Chatterjee P. and Sarkar J. (2010).

Review paper about solar-powered air-conditioning via adsorption route.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14, pp.2189-2195.

Grid and Renewable Energy. 06(07),pp.209-219.

Gugulothu R.S., Somanchi N.B., Banoth H. and Banothu K. (2015).

A review of Solar-Powered Air Conditioning System.

Procedia Earth and Planetary Science. 11, pp.361-367.

Otanicar T. Taylor R. Phelan P. (2012).

Prospects for Solar Cooling – An Economic and Environmental Assessment. Solar Energy, 86(5), pp.1287-1299.Sharma, R., Kumar Sehga, V., Thakur, A., Munir Khan, A., Sharma, A. and Sharma, P. (2009).

Peltier Effect Based on Solar Powered Air

Tian Y. and Zhao C. (2013).

A review on solar collectors and thermal storage in solar thermal.

Applied Energy, 104. pp. 538-553.

A. Snegirjovs. P. Shipkovs. K. Lebedeva. K. Kashkarova. G. Migla. L. Gantenbein. P. Omlin. L. (2016).

Evaluation of Performance of Photovoltaic Solar Air Conditioners.

Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences.



Li, Z.; Sumathy K. (2000).

Technology development in the field of solar absorption air conditioner systems.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 4(3). pp.267-293.

Mittal V. Kasana K. Thakur N.

Journal of Energy in Southern Africa.

Study of solar air-conditioning systems. [online]

Noor D., Arshad A., Azran Z., Ibrahim H. & Basrawi F. (2016).

This review examines the new developments in solar absorption, vapour compression-based hybrid air conditioning with low temperatures storage.

MATEC Web of Conferences. 38. p.02007.

Rowe (D.) and White (S.). (2014).

International Solar Cooling Incentive Schemes. Energy Procedia, 57, pp.3160-3170.

Mekhilef S. Saidur R. Safari A. (2011).

A review of solar energy usage in industries.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(4). pp.1777-1790.

Afshar O. & Saidur R. & Hasanuzzaman M. & Jamel M. (2012).

A review on thermodynamics and heat exchange in the solar refrigeration system.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16, pp. 5639-5648.

Li, G. Hwang Y. Radermacher R. (2012).

Review of cold storage material for air conditioning application.

International Journal of Refrigeration. 35(8).

Desideri U. Proietti S. und Sdringola P.

Solar-powered cooling system: Technical analysis and economic analysis for industrial refrigeration and air-conditioning.

Applied Energy. 86(9). pp. 1376-1386.

Tyagi V. Kaushik S. and Tyagi S. (2012).

Advancement in solar thermal/photovoltaic (PV/T), hybrid collector technology.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(3) pp.1383-1398.

Thakur D. and Arnav A., Datta A. and Ramanamurthy R. (2016).

Review on Immersion System for increasing the efficiency of Solar Panels.

International Journal of Advanced Research. 4(4). pp. 312-325.

Zhai X. Qu M., Li Y. and Wang R. (2011).

A review of research and new design options in solar absorption cooling systems.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 15(9). pp.4416–4423.Sharma, R., Kumar Sehga, V., Thakur, A., Munir Khan, A., Sharma, A. and Sharma, P. (2009).

Solar-powered Air Conditioning System Based On The Peltier Effect.

International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation.

Brumana G. and Franchini G. (2016).

Solar-Powered Air conditioning for buildings in hot climates: Desiccant evaporative cooling vs. absorb Chiller-based systems. Energy Procedia, 101, pp.288-296.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *