Write about the Populate or Perish.

Answer to Question: AIA106 Sex Race And Australia’S People

The end of World War II saw the Australian government take the major step to implement changes related to migration.

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Australia was forced to rethink its ideal population after the Japanese threatened invasion.

Australia is the country that was founded upon colonial ideologies like white supremacy (Farquharson K. 2015).

These ideologies shaped and supported the settlers of Australia with the aboriginal people.

These ideologies also helped to shape the migration system and migration policy. Also known as White Australia Policy, it was also responsible for the Immigration Restriction Act of 1901.

Australia considered itself to be the white nation, white people, and they separated themselves from “Asians”.

Australia needed skilled migrants to help rebuild the country and create new industries after the end the World War II.

The nation needed the human resources to support its defense.

Thus, the country had to “Populate” or perish.

The slogan was meant to be used for post war migration.

Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia, said that Australia was the target of a powerful enemy and there was always the possibility of another invasion.

Therefore, the Prime Minster believed that Australia should be populated as soon as possible before it is invaded by another nation.

The nation’s experience with the Japanese near-invasion was a catalyst for rethinking the racist White Australia Policy.

After the White Australia Policy was eliminated, the country’s migration policy became more focused on skills than race.

Austrlian has been supportive of the idea of increasing its populations by providing entry to skilled migrants. However, the preference is for European migrants, which are the skilled miners and factory workers.

European migrants brought customs and languages to Europe, which was very different from British migrants (Madden J.A., 2015).

The British migrant population declined while the Australian government began hiring people from other countries.

The government of Australia began to provide assistance for skilled and unskilled laborers.

The government started to accept displaced persons from Eastern Europe and the Baltic States.

These people were transferred to the International Refugee Organization.

The first large-scale immigration to Europe began in 1949. It included people from countries that were not English-speaking.

Populate and Perry was more than just about increasing the country’s population. They also sought to improve its socio-economic standing through skilled workers.

Australia accepted migrants from Western and Southern Europe due to their trade skills and qualifications.

This helped to create the Western Australian industrial projects.

“Chamberlain trams, Wondowie coal, iron and metal industry, Kwinana’s oil refinery and steel rolling plants, as well the cement and cement manufacturing facilities at Pinjarra were some of the most important industries” (Brett. 2007, 13).

Australia has been the nation that has been racially-selective, and this was officially abolished by Whitlam in 1973.

A major concern was the “too often abortions” white socio-cultural dominant in Australia.

Aborting women was seen by many as a threat towards the security and hegemony of the white sociocultural hegemony. Millar, E. (2015)

The migrants who were brought to Australia as refugees were held in camps. After being released, they were transferred to Holden Camp, Northam. Here, they received food, shelter, and assistance from Commonwealth officials.

The “New Australian” received English language classes as well as vocational training to help them settle in their new homeland (Armillei R. & Mascitelli B. 2017).

The Australian Government has continued to focus its attention on the migration policy, which assists in selecting young, wealthy, and healthful migrants after WWII and the complications of the modern visa process.

Australia’s immigration policy still supports British hegemony. The country continues its selective mass migration to increase the economy and military power.

Australia is the country that has continued to practice and face racism, discrimination, inequality.

Australia’s government focused mainly on making Australia a nation of white people.

Gender inequalities also prevailed (de Lepervanche 2013).

Also, the immigration policies showed discrimination.

The Australian government resisted the entry of migrants from India, China, and preferred that only white women should enter the country. This would help increase the country’s small population (Soldatic K. (2015)).

The 1970 policy for limiting the entry of non-white people to the country did not work. Many Asians came to Australia and made it multicultural (Armillei R., Mascitelli B. 2017, 2017).

Slowly, Australia relaxed the law that prohibited non-Europeans from settling permanently there.

The 1966 restriction against Asian immigrants was repealed (Armillei R. and Mascitelli B. 2017).

In 1973, the White Australia Policy was replaced with the multicultural policy.

The country’s demographics changed as a result of the influx of Chinese and other Asian migrants in the latter part of the 20th century.

There was a decline in the number European and Italian immigrants after 1970’s. Because Europe and Italy changed its financial situation, those people stopped looking beyond their country for work.

The European immigrants were the main contributors to the growth in population and diversity in Australia, proving the slogan of “populate or perish”.

Australia is considered the multicultural society because it has accepted people of different cultures to be permanent settlers.

The nation’s cultural diversity has meant that racism and discrimination are still high. However, the Australian economy was able to grow and develop because of its cultural diversity.Bibliography

Mascitelli B., 2017 and Armillei R. From ‘White Australia Policy’to ‘Multicultural’Australia: Italian and Other Migrant Settlement in Australia.

In Living in Two Homes : Integration, Identity, and Education for Transnational Migrants in Globalized World (pp. 113-134).

Emerald Publishing Limited.

Birrell R. Hill D. and Nevill J. (1984).

Population growth or perish?

The stresses caused by population growth in Australia.Brett, J., 2007.

The Australian settlement.

Australian Journal of Political Science. 42(1). pp. Lepervanche, M., 2013.

Australian national life, racism and sexism.

Sydney Studies in Society and Culture.Farquharson, K., 2015, July.

Australian Racial Ideology. From Cultural Homogeneity and Multiculturalism.

In 22nd International Conference of Europeanists. Ces.Madden, J.A., 2015.

British migrants in South Australia, post-war (Doctoral dissertation).Millar, E., 2015.

The Biopolitics of Abortion and Too Many Anxious White Nationalism. Millar, E. Australian Feminist Studies, 30(83), pp.82-98.Soldatic, K., 2015.

The post-colonial reproductions: Indigeneity, disability, and the formation Australia’s white male settler state.

Social Identities, 21(1) pp.53-68.

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