Question:


Complete the following table

Biological Macromolecule

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Ratio of Elements

Function

Monomer

Example

Functional Group(s).

Carbohydrate-ose

CHO1:2:1- Short term energy storage

– Structure (cell wall & exoskeletons).Monosaccharide-Glycogen-Chitin-Cellulose-Glucose fructose galactose-sucrose lactose maltose-OH

Lipids

CHO

1:2:very fewProteins

CHON

No ratioNucleic Acids

CHONP

No ratio

Answer to Question: BY440 Stem Cell Biology

Biological Macromolecule

Ratio of Elements

Function

Monomer

Example

Functional Group(s).

Carbohydrate-ose

(Marshall et. al. 2014)

CHO1:2:1

– Short term energy storage is for metabolism

– Structure (cell wall & exoskeletons).-Makes food more favorable

-Fat oxidation-Help cellular recognition processMonosaccharide-Glycogen-Chitin-Cellulose-Glucose fructose galactose-sucrose lactose maltose-OH

Lipids(Nelson 2013)

CHO

1:2:very few

– Storing large quantities of energy

– Structure (phospholipids form a major component in cell membranes).

-Source of vitamins D, E, K, fat soluble

-Protection and heating of organs

-Act to act as a chemical mediator

Glycerol und fatty acid-Fats-Oils-Waxes-Cholesterol

-Triglyceride (glycerol +3 fatty acid)–CH2–OHProteins(Alberts et al. 2013)

CHON

There are no ratios

(Amino or carboxyl group present.

You can identify a peptide link by its presence

– Long term energy stockpile

– Provisional Support for Structures

-Responding on stimuli

-Storage & transportation of molecules

-Body regulation: Formation of antibodies to boost immune system

-Creation Of Hormone and Enzymatic Activity -catalytic reaction

-Synthesis and DNA repair

-Signal transmissionAmino acids

(Leucine, Alanine, isleucine, valine and many others)EnzymesStructural protein

–COOH (with longer hydrocarbon chain-R-more than 16 Clong)–NH2Nucleic Acids(Rodwell et al. 2015)

CHONP

There are no ratios

(Nucleotides are composed of a five carbon sugar, a nitrogenous basis and a group of phosphates.

-Storage of genetic materials

-Transmissions of genetic or other hereditary data from one generation to the next

-Protein synthesizer with the aid of ribosomes or RNANucleotides

DNARNA1 Nitrogen Base,1 Phosphate,

1 Sugar

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