You have to “walk a mile” in the shoes of another person to gain an appreciation for their history and to develop compassion and empathy for others’ circumstances.

This week, we will play a role in the Aboriginal History of South Australia. We hope to understand the situation that many Aboriginal people are currently facing.

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Engagement with any First Nation group of South Australia is embedded in this history. It’s important for anyone wanting engage with First Nations that they are familiar with these events and understand the impact of history on the present circumstances.As participants in this role play, you will be divided into six groups to represent different South Australian Aboriginal groups: Pitjantjara/Yankunytjatjara, Kaurna, Narungga, Ngarrindjeri, Kokatha and Adnymathanha.

The role-play will then take you through the chronological history of these nations from colonization.

It is important to keep in mind the following words from the workshop creators.

‘…is intended to help people develop empathy and educate them, not to blame or make them angry.

It is easier for people to understand this part of SA history and become more active and compassionate citizens in the future.

What to Do Before the Workshop

Because we are meeting in Kaurna County, it is appropriate that everyone has a basic understanding of Kaurna History.Read: Amery, R. M. 2000 Warrabarna Kaurna!

Swets Zeitlinger Publishers Exton PA., reclaiming an Australian language. (read chapter 1, “locating the study”, pages 1-16).

The Workshop

Your tutor will help you divide into Aboriginal groups. One person will remain aside to represent European missionaries, European explorers, and government officials.

Each group will be given their own script which provides details about the nation.

Your tutor will be the narrator. She will read the mainscript, ask for comments from groups, and allow participants to know their movements.

The role play will be followed by a group debrief to discuss how the group felt about the experience.

Then you will be invited back to your Aboriginal groups in order to discuss the challenges facing your Nation as it Caring as Country.

You may find it interesting to consider:

What are the biggest challenges you face when caring for your country?

Do you think you can live in your country permanently?

Is it possible to gain access to some parts of your country but have you had problems?

What are your chances of making a living from your country?

How is the country’s environment health?

How does it affect you?

What resources do you need to take care of a country?

What could you do to get them?

Is it possible to show an ongoing connection? Why/why not?

(Note – NRM is generally a matter of government policy in SA. It revolves around Native Title determinations.

Final Debrief

How would you respond if someone claimed that Aboriginal people should “move on” from the past or “get over it?”

What lessons can this role provide about whiteness

Answer to Question: GEOG3761 Caring As Country

Identification of Key WordsFirst NationAboriginals

Natural Resource ManagementCultural CollaborationWestminster Law

Aboriginal Land Rights Protection Act


The following research was based on the investigation of the First Nation Interests of Australia and the management of the Natural Resources of the Australian country.

The research will concentrate on Australia’s tribal rights.

The colonial interest had in the past discriminated against the rights of the forest population that is dependent on the natural resource to make their living.

They were denied access to these traditional resources, which was a serious blow to their livelihoods.

The government finally heard their long-standing protests and agitations and created some friendly laws that once again recognized their rights to their lands.

They were employed by the government to manage the natural resources.

The government has successfully integrated the strategies and plans into programs that deal with the management of resources.

There is an assumption that the interests of Fsirst nations in NRM are limited only to ‘Cultural’ values or heritage management (Hemming Et All, In Press).

Consider using a case study on caring as country to support your argument.

There is a big difference between the First Nation and the First Australian.

First nation people are aboriginals and peoples from other tribes. First Australians refer to peoples who are directly associated with the British who first established Australia as a colony.

Protecting aboriginal rights requires the creation of biodiversity regions, encouraging a sustainable ecosystem, creating an eco-balance, and establishing land management policies (Mitchell. 2015).

Australia’s new rules and regulations do not benefit the tribal population. They have been prohibited from using the natural resource of protected areas.

These laws clearly discriminate against wild populations, as they are dependent on the forest lands for survival.

Tribal people depend on the forest for their livelihood, so limiting their rights without consulting them could threaten their existence.

The government has drafted a law that many organizations oppose.

These organizations support the protection of endangered animals and the unique plant species in that particular area (Pert, 2015).

The leader of the aboriginal tribes attempts to hold a command over the traditional lands to preserve their culture, to develop their community and to make them economically dependent.

They are not concerned about the environment protection (Bohensky und al. 2013).

It has been a long battle for these tribes in order to maintain control of their land. They have faced many challenges since the arrivals of the British.

There has been a wide range of perspectives on the issue of land control, from one tribal area to the next.

Some believe in the coexistence between the population and the environment, while other groups feel that their land is constantly being seized by the authorities.

The country’s current models attempt to find an amicable solution for the problems.

Today, the government has created a number of management agencies that use innovative methods to understand local culture, tribal history, and the political systems of the tribes.

To ensure compliance with the laws and regulations in the protected areas, the management structures must be updated on a daily basis (Bohensky and al. 2013).

The management system mentioned above has been implemented in a number protected areas and biodiversity types across Australia.

Kakadu, Tasmania National Park (Northern Territory), and Tasmania National Park are just a few examples.

Many more problems exist regarding management because of problems with proper power sharing between management groups and tribal groups in order to preserve as well as utilize the natural resources (Pert 2015).

The government must be careful in determining the rules and regulations that apply to national parks (Bohensky und al. 2013).

In conclusion, the current situation is such that the first nation is dependent on cultural inheritance and it is not willing or able to defend the rights of its tribal population.

The success of various government programs has been made possible by the involvement of local and tribal communities in the management of land resources and water resources.

Australia has created a culture bond between different communities which has fostered a healthy atmosphere (Stannage, 2015).

It is significant for a variety of reasons that the country has seen cultural engagement.

The country has achieved a sovereign structure that governs all its citizens. All people, regardless their religion, are treated equally.

Aboriginals are particularly treated fairly and can participate in various government-sponsored activities.

The country has been able to achieve sustainability through cultural partnerships.

These groups have been trained by the government to sustainably use natural resources.

The cultural advancement of the tribes has provided opportunities for their children to pursue higher education, and also given them the opportunity to find respectable jobs.

The company’s cultural collaboration aims to maximize the potential of the tribal population in order to conserve the country’s natural resource.

This collaboration has also impacted the socioeconomic status.

The government’s current policies have made it possible to increase the number of culturally diverse aspects of the country.

Australia’s law system is among the best that the Australian government has implemented.

The law grants all citizens the right to sovereign rights, regardless their status or culture (Schmoldt and al. 2013).

The government is split into three units, namely the Parliament and Executive.

Here, the researcher has used the case study of Management of Aboriginal people of Australia.

The research revealed that Australia has six distinct areas.

Natural reserve

Natural parks

Protected Area – Managed Resource

Protected land space or Sea space

Natural Monument


All the areas of equal importance have been designated by the government to be accessible to traditional tribal populations.

The government has addressed the needs of these people.

In 1970, Australia’s commonwealth met and adopted the IUCN guidelines. These clearly defined the different protected zones (Bohensky et. al. 2013).

National Park is defined as an area of water or land that is not;

Achieving an eco-balance of one or more ecosystems

Avoiding any disturbances from outside sources that might cause damage to the environment

This place has the potential for being a destination of genuine tourist interest, and can be used as a research hub.

A solid management system is vital.

To ensure security breaches and disruptions are prevented, you need the best security.

It’s important to have a monitoring system that regularly monitors the park’s health.

A support and technical team is available to assist with maintenance of the parks

The National Parks have a professional team of guides and assisters who can organize adventures for tourists.

Since long, there has been a major dispute between the Government of Australia’s tribal people and their government.

Australia was a colonial state and therefore has a long history that saw the suppression of the black aboriginal population by the whites who settled there.

The tribal population was denied their traditional rights, and many strict laws and regulations were passed which clearly violated their rights (Bohensky und al. 2013).

One of the major problems was the country’s water usage.

The settlers insisted that the waters were not allowed to be used by tribes without a tax and they had to pay an enormous amount of money (Langton, 2014).

After extensive protests by tribal populations, the Government eventually accepted their demands and granted the tribes their needed rights.

Even though there have been major changes, the future is still uncertain for the country.

Climate change is the primary reason this country is in danger.

Many questions have arisen about the rights of tribal populations on the waters off the island continent.

As stated earlier, the tribal people weren’t aware of the different policies that were in place for the oceans of the continent.

The Government doesn’t understand the traditional rights, emotions, and feelings of the aboriginal community in relation water bodies. Thus the policies that they create don’t address these needs.

The commercial and economic uses of water resources are much more important than the ones for water conservation, and the water bodies are neglected.

Water resources have been used extensively in certain areas, particularly in the Murray-Darling area of Australia.

This extensive use has strained its limits and made it unusable for several years.

The Government has excluded the tribal people who have great knowledge about the water resources from the government’s developmental programs. This has also been a problem for the development water resources across the country.

Australia has witnessed significant reforms in its water laws over the past 20 years.

The country has had great success with water management and is currently at the forefront of managing the world’s water resources.

The government has taken steps to ensure the participation and development of the water resources in the country by the aboriginal groups.

These steps include

The government has selected several aboriginal groups to devise a specific plan for conserving water resources.

Many of the aboriginal communities living along the coasts of the nation were granted fishing permits by the government.

These people can now earn their living by fishing and lead a normal and disciplined lifestyle thanks to the grant of fishing rights

Experts teach tribal groups how to manage water resources in sustainable ways.

The Murray Darling area case study, which examined the management of water resources in that region, has revealed the frustrations and needs of the aboriginal people.

The country’s earlier management of water resources has greatly improved and has been recognized with the best water management program in the world (Langton und al.

2014). The country’s first nation land management program refers specifically to the effective management of its land and water bodies.

In this context, the researcher referred to the case of Australia (Moreton – Robinson 2015).

The aboriginal Land rights Act was adopted by Australia’s Government in 1976 in order to protect and conserve its resources.

This act clearly defined the boundaries of certain areas that were designated national parks. They were also declared protected areas for hunting or cutting down trees, which were considered illegal activities (Barber and al. 2014).

Kakudu National Park and Gurig National Park are both notable examples from this time. They can be found in Australia’s Northern territory.

Aboriginals demanded that the traditional rights they had over the management and ownership the lands and seas were protected (Langton, et al. 2014).

After a string of such protests, agitations, finally the government accepted their demands. Some changes were made to the original law to support every request of the tribe (Altman und Jackson 2014).

This has resulted in a shift in the current picture, where the aboriginal groups are working to protect the island continent’s water and land resources.

The program began with the Northern Territory and has since been extended to all states of the island continent.

Aboriginals are more concerned about the resources. Their policies are far better than those of the government. 2014).

The Commonwealth Employment program for Natural and Cultural Resource Management, which was Australia’s first significant policy, was established by the government.

This law provided different employment opportunities to tribal people.

The various employment opportunities provided for tribal people helped them earn their living (Langton. 2014).

These people were given permission to enter the national parks, water bodies, and help create a sustainable future.

These people then created a range of businesses in these areas such as contract teams, management consultancies (tour operators), forest rangers and many others.

Aboriginal groups made use of the country’s water resources by creating coastal teams to maintain the country’s waters in a safe manner.

Curtis, et al., cite the government as having been instrumental in financing the program. 2014).

As stated earlier, these groups are involved with various types of activities including patrolling, managing and keeping a close vigil over the areas they command.

This ensures native people’s rights to their traditional lands and practices and protects natural resources (Potts 2015).

Tribal people are more familiar with the differences in these resources so the government has recruited the right people.

To implement this program, the Australian government employs innovative processes and techniques throughout the country.

GPS systems are used by the country to determine the natural resources. This information may include data about the culture, natural and biodiversity of the particular area.

To protect the land’s endangered species, use cyber-tracker systems

A regular monitoring of this area involves the tracking down various fauna species as well keeping an updated record on the flora species found in the area.

Assigning NGOs and other independent private organizations to the program will help diversify and speed-up the process of management, as well ensure that the natural resources are assessed without any glitches.

The government has established a cyber security unit to monitor the system and ensure that data stored on the computer is safe.

Radio collars can be used by different species of Fauna such as the Kangaroo, Koala, or Dingo to track their movements. This helps ensure that they are safe from poachers.

The program’s most important element is country-based planning. This allows for the establishment of healthy relationships between the government, the Aboriginal Management or the Nongovernmental Organisations.


The following study, which examines the rights of aboriginals in Australia to the first nation, was completed within the timeframe set.

After the successful conclusion of the research, it was carried out professionally.

Although both the primary and second sources were valuable for the research, secondary research was more essential in order to make it more concise.

The report’s analysis reveals a new chapter regarding the conservation of natural resources in the country.

Protests against colonial discrimination of indigenous peoples led to new laws being passed and creating a positive environment for managing the country’s resources.

The current governmental policies are designed to ensure that all tribes across the country work together and eliminate discrimination as well as unemployment.

This means that all tribal citizens have the same human rights as the rest of the population on the island continent.


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