The Moorland & City Railway Company

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* Demand for commuters (travel to work) towards Stoke-on-Trent.

* Leisure travel from Stoke-on-Trent (Birmingham, Crewe), London, Crewe and Manchester to Alton Towers Leisure Park. Leek. Moneystone Holiday Village. Water-stones for National Park.

* The demand for freight transport between and to the quarries in Cauldon Low (and Moneystone);

* Ability and nature, as well as limitations, of the rolling material required for the construction and rehabilitation of railway lines;

* Nature and environmental impacts of the infrastructure for new and restored lines, including stations/depot facilities.

* Draw time-distance graphs (graphical schedules) for all parts of the network.

Please adhere to the following restrictions set forth by stake-holders

(iii) The infrastructure may be used to your advantage in order to construct the upgraded lines.

(iii). A section of track-bed leads to the Leek station site, which is owned by the Moorland & City Railway Company.

(iii). It must be provided that the heritage railroad has access to the new Leek Station and Alton Tower Station(s).

Answer to Question: SPCE0027 Rail Systems Engineering


Because of its demand- and supply factors, UK rail is a dominant government service (Watson et. al., 2012).

Each day, thousands of commuters use railways to reach the region.

The railway network connects users to London, Birmingham and Manchester Kingsley as well other major cities.

The network also serves smaller communities such as Crewe, Holiday Village and others.

Freight management problems can be exacerbated by an increase in passengers.

No matter if they’re travelling for work or pleasure, passengers have different needs, and the network must be able to meet them.

This requires the rail industry’s ability to adapt to the modern market.

The UK railway is an international leader in rail and serves both local needs as well as international ones.

In order to address this, engineering projects are based on the advantages and drawbacks that come with building and reinstating a railway.

The sustainability question is raised by environmental factors. All stakeholders agree that there are new improvements needed in the infrastructure.

Operational performance of rail transport is essential for sustainable and cost-effective service delivery.

This makes it possible for innovation to take place in a competitive environment.

These two factors are crucial for the industry’s financial viability.

Proposed Development

Moorland & City aims at redeveloping the rail freight network in the UK.

The company was established by Leek in 2009. It has a 150-year contract.

It plans to renovate heritage services in Network rail.

It has expertise in the operation of steam and diesel engines.

Innovative approaches are used by the company to expand its services using commuter and freight trains.

It aims to connect Leek to surrounding villages and suburbs via the rail network.

It plans to convert Alton station into a terminus.

For the company to be successful, it needs to have support from the community and local government.

Figure 1: Site location showing connection of Aston to Leeks (Theme Parks UK – 2017)

Privatization drives growth in a public service such as railway transport.

While the government handles standardization and plans, it is up to the company as an investor to provide the service.

The growth of the industry has been focused on increasing the number passengers and freight.

This plan has a strong influence on profitability, sustainability, global competiveness and profitability.

Moorland & City aims at improving:Efficiency


Customer Care (passenger/freight experience)

Fleet management

Moorland & City will take advantage of existing infrastructure to build the enhanced lines between Leek Tower and Alton Tower stations.

Literature Review

Urban transport systems with intermodal transport infrastructure are characterized by pros and cons. (Kyriakidis and al., 2012).

Guler, 2014: Route planning ensures optimization of the rail system and other transports for analysing demand.

The willingness of the customer to use rail transport will be affected by demand factors like cost.

These elements also affect the design standards that are used for better customer experience in railway management (Profilidis, 2014).

This is also due to the importance of capacity supply in the railway industry.

Interurban Connection – Demand

Proximity factors

Stroke-on Trent, an industrial center, relies on public transport for access to its distribution centers.

Its central station allows passengers to travel to Longton, Burslem and Turnstall from Fenton, Burslem and Turnstall.

These cities are both important commercial centers, with large mining operations and educational centers.

There are also many cultural and sporting facilities in the town.

It is located in a valley. The geographical features of the town represent lowlands as well as midlands.

Its economic activities are supported by its rail network designs and maintenance. The rail network must be connected to port services and the needs of business travellers to ensure that it has sufficient energy.

The management of a transport system means making improvements at intersections, stations, and operations.

An effective plan is essential for the improvement of the transport system at Ail.


Speed, comfort and convenience are the most important quality concerns in the railway sector.

Management authorities invest heavily in freight control strategies to manage urban traffic.

This is evident at Birmingham, London, Manchester where capacity management concerns are a major concern.

Mixed formulation is a good option for schedule rescheduling (Sato, and others, 2013).

Time scheduling according to customer demands is an important risk management factor.

The game theory algorithm allows you to design pricing and timing strategies by using distribution mechanisms.

These help to determine peak hours as well as arrangement by demand hours.

This defines the load graph.


Commuters that commute to work care a lot about time.

It is therefore difficult for commuters to travel to major cities during peak times.

This model requires significant changes to accommodate growing towns like Cheddleton.

Rescheduling trips to Brook, Endon, Froghall, and Froghall, from Manchester, becomes a priority.

Urban freight management is possible using event-based simulation modeling. This model can be used for both technology-based freight systems as well as urban metros (Motraghi& Marinov (2012)).

It is essential to manage travel times, passenger operations and crowding to alleviate congestion.

Improvements in railway capacity, as well as the creation of new systems, are long-term solutions.

A potential solution to the problem is capacity enhancement.

Although Aston’s and Leeks’s locations offer the possibility of expansion and improvements to multilevel structures, the design must also be compatible with the landscape.

The urban railway network requires the creation of a high occupancy car (HOV).

The below figure shows an alternative strategy for the company (US Department of Transportation 2017.


There are many factors to consider when leveraging the existing infrastructure for improvements in railway transport efficiency.

This is a major project that will impact the rail transit network.

A cost analysis determines the amount of investment required.

A leisure traveller, who wants to be able to access public transport, parks, and airports, is another demand driver for this region.

Here is an example showing how such strategic developments can be targeted at tourist travelers’ needs.

These central UK cities include Stoke-on-Trent in Birmingham, Crewe and London.

Reliable performance is essential for suburban or long distance operator systems (Rao& Rao, 2012).

Reliability refers to the ability of to manage delays, disruptions, or schedule changes.

Travellers expect a system that is reliable and trustworthy.

Parallel computing and algorithms allow railway engineers to find solutions.


Tourists travelling from major cities often visit tourist attractions such as Alton Towers Leisure Park and Leek.

Money stone and Holiday Village also attract large numbers of tourists.

Passenger trains also run from Water-stones to the National Park.

This model can be applied to road-rail or terminal village development.

These externalities show the importance of effective management of freight transport system (Woensel and al. (2015)).

The optimization model for rescheduling or linking different scenarios within the rail transportation system is summarized in the figure below.

It includes reliability and cancellations of public transport systems.

An experienced global network expert is required to help with the integration of an existing system and a new project.

The passenger is an important contributor and must understand the new value provided by a new rail network.Efficiency

Cherrett et al (2012) address the demand for improved delivery of out of town transport services.

Important factors are discussed in freight transport when it comes to the transportation products from Cauldon Low as Moneystone’s quarries.

The railway can be used as a replacement for trucks and other road transport.

This is vital in ensuring that customers are satisfied with the services they receive when transporting goods and/or services.

Efficiency in delivery outside-of-hours can improve the average delivery rate, as well as statistics in the supply chains.

The freight system is built using engineering designs that provide load management infrastructure.

Political factors can promote or hinder efficiency when it comes to railway transport.

Spain’s case study demonstrates how politics can influence the development of logistics in urban centers (Onieva, and others, 2012).

The optimization process involves monitoring for wastages and reducing operational costs.

Enhancing the Railway System’s Ability

It is hard to choose the right function and objective when there are multiple options.

Capacity enhancement. The UK government has policies for railway transport that encourage growth in spite of limitations (Watson and al., 2012).

This means addressing the limitations to demand and upgrading the infrastructural systems.

It is a government goal to promote railway development through a cost-effective, sustainable, and strong transport network.

It plans to establish a low-cost, on-time delivery railway.

This strategy aims at reducing traffic and increasing passenger movements in the right locations.

The freight operations, movement, and maintenance are all highly skilled thanks to effective planning.

The Capacity Supply measures include:Terminal


You can track your capacity


People can be diverted from main cities to avoid crowding.

This is a safety plan and security plan for the affected regions.

London, Manchester and Birmingham are important rail terminus that need to be taken into consideration.

The key is to decrease stop times as well as changes in the frequency of timetable frequencies.

These metrics will determine the nature, capability, and cost of the new service frequency.

This allows you to identify the rolling stock necessary for the construction of new or restored railway lines.

Limitations and environmental performance.

The number and quality of the stations, tunnels, stations and bridges used to transport trains determine their operational and physical capacity.

The route and capacity utilization is affected by rail capacity, space and train operation.

It is important to focus on areas like London, Liverpool, and Manchester that have constraints. This allows for the identification of areas that can be improved and reconstructed.


In the development and operation of railway transport, noise, sound pollution, and air pollution are all concerns.

This is essential for environmental issues, such as reduced carbon emission.

This has both commercial and financial advantages.

This means more trainings in a short time.

An optimization of the station could require the reconfiguration or reduction of stock capacity to allow for the required level of trains.

Stations and depot facilities are both affected by the new and reconstructed lines’ infrastructural impacts.

Rodrigue (2012) highlights the importance of regional structures in global supply chains.

Increased passenger movement can also be a way to increase station capacity.

Some termini require the construction of flyovers, or better track sections to allow for greater capacity.

To manage freight, it is essential to reduce congestion lines and improve the efficiency of routes by reorganizing and rationalizing them.

The electrification program, particularly in electric train networks is efficient in terms of energy consumption.

Statistic from the rail industry shows an increase in overcrowding in the rail network.

Through reduced braking distances, controlled movement and the use of digital operating systems like track control signal, safety can be improved.

The speed of delivery is also improved by technology application in communication.

The voice-and-information communication system is also time-saving and improves the advisory systems.

Signalling systems and traffic control systems should be considered for inclusion in any industry-related development projects.

Track Capacity

The best way to increase freight management capability is to increase the length of trains.

This is because weight and length reduce acceleration, brake, speed and speed.

Different tracks come with their own advantages and disadvantages.

The second track is two-track, and the third is truck rail. This allows trains to be diverted by diversion of freight.

This allows passengers traveling from Manchester to quickly connect to Edinburg.

This is the reason why high-speed railways have been introduced to busy networks in order to facilitate passenger and freight movement.

Rail is influenced by engineering attributes like track condition and rail quality. This affects the operational efficiency.

Here is an example graph showing a simulation of Acton’s rail network.

Figure 3: Western Line map layout in the simulation of underground railways speed (Hazelton, 2017).


Passenger train safety is vital for the UK.

Accidents due to train and infrastructure failures are two of the most common causes according to records.

The operation problems will be determined by the number and type of trains that are used at a station or track.

It affects the amount of trains a railway network needs at any one time.

The company will need to introduce hybrid trains.

Rolling stock Engineering addresses congestion through improved assemblage, operation, maintenance and repair of trains (RTM 2017, 2017).

You need to ensure that your train is compatible with the track sizes. This means that you must match the radius, distance, curve and other measures.




Curves of the Same Direction (m).

Curves at Opposite Directions (m).

Curves of the Same Direction (m).

Curves at Opposite Directions (m).11501501008021007570653100757065

4 and 560555050

Table 1 – Recommendations regarding track size for train speed 250 km/h (Israel Railways Limited 2013)

Services and equipment for mechanical services address the challenges of service delivery on a railway network.

Computerised design software is used to create rolling stock production drawings and manage technical issues.

It requires competent electrical engineering skills to meet the 21st Century.

The planned rail system serves the region’s commodity industry.

Increased freight capacity in the overall network and more tracks will lead to increased rail infrastructure capacity.Junction

Growth demand is an influence on the construction of structures like blocks segments, junctions and tunnels.

These structures form part of the railway-engineering program.

These were created to allow smooth movement of cargo and passenger freight.

Signals prevent collisions at junctions by preventing head-on collisions.

Rescheduling allows you to seperate platforms for arrival trains and departure trains.

These accommodate speed, sudden stops and extra trains.

Separating cancellations and connections prevents disruptions.

A junction plan in risk management is used to control disruptions and delays, as well as avoid overlapping (Shukla, 2017).

Dispatch planning includes all cases, including crew and online management platforms.

Figure 4: Avoiding delays for freight and passengers on rail network networks (BBC, 2016).

This is where a constraint programming model (CP) can help.

This approach is combined with the Heuristic Approach to guide decisions on routes, management and cancellation of schedules.

A rail junction mode provides provisions for convergence as well as divergence in the rail routes coverage.

A station can be used to link more than one rail route.

Autopedia, 2015: The Y-shaped layout of the East Midlands & Leeds connects rail routes providing direct routes between other stations (Autopedia).

This triangular junction enables trains to travel from one section to the next.

The proper mechanisms for locking or switching rails must exist.Stakeholder Challenges

Moorland & City will need to create enhanced lines using new technology in order to reap the benefits of the Leek Railway network.

Due to the connectivity and transformation, this investment is costly.

The next generation system must meet international standards of reliability and technology-based operation.

The industry is governed by the Leeks-Aston and Aston municipalities, as well as the department of Transport, railway and freight operators, suppliers, customers, and other stakeholders.

Both public and private stakeholders

Private stakeholders include safety and monitoring, rail transportation groups, non profit organizations, railway accident investigators officers and industry researchers.

For projects that require skilled engineers, the industry provides them with competent civil and mechanical engineers.

High-speed trains use magnetic tracks. This reduces their speed to an incredible extent.

It has increased passenger and cargo service’s capacity.

The operation relies on high-speed transit system that captures networks throughout the region (Demetriou 2013, 2013).

This would require participation from stakeholders throughout the UK.

The importance of considering other projects and policies as well as the impact on the environment is vital.

Leeks and Aston are both interconnected rail networks that affect regional and integrated networks.

As the UK continues to embrace global strategy such as advanced technologies, it is becoming more common for planning and implementation to be diverse.

The collaboration plan for Moorland & City addresses many of the challenges faced by the UK railway industry (Bataille & Steinmetz 2013).

While this project is intended for a suburban locale, it can have implications for all parts of the UK.

Performance integrated systems using various technologies target solutions for increased mobility in urban areas.

The following issues must be addressed by the company:

An ageing railway network

Operational efficiency

Innovative technology for a modern rail system

Preferences of commuters

Rail system with increased capacity

Safety and security concerns

Transport industry issues and the environment

A network integrated considering the original railroad framework and the global needs

Support available and regulations by the government

The Aging Railroad

2015, Royal Academy of Engineering – Congestion in Urban and Interurban Railway Networks.

It suggests an integrated plan that will include infrastructure investments to enhance capacity and maximize the technology.

The challenges faced by the aging rail network in meeting demand and maximising their capacity continue to be a challenge.

It is in dire need of a demand-oriented solution, which reduces congestion but still adheres to the national regulations.

Long-term solutions include the extension of existing tracks (Unseen Steam (2017).

In order to meet increasing interurban transport demand, it is necessary to revive unused rails.

It is possible to reduce congestion caused in urban areas by lorries, vans, and trucks by increasing freight rail capacity.

The future and present generations will need a sustainable plan to deal with changes in land use.

The design might be subject to socioeconomic limitations.

Reducing the socio economic constraints requires a reduced impact on the natural environment and geograhical considerations.

For multi-use facilities, the design incorporates radius, radiation, and vertical constraints.Advanced Technology

GPS, WiFi, and modern radios have all been used to improve communication at the station.

Sir Peter Handy is a former Transport Commissioner for London and points out how important the railway network is to an economy (Rail News 2016).

He says that congestion on the railway network is a good indicator of growth as it means that the older infrastructure is in need of repair.

Research has shown that old railways are more difficult to maintain due to their cable systems.

Digital installations enable more trains to run in a short time.

The government’s support is a positive.

The Leeks-Aston location is located in central Britain and is within easy reach of busy neighboring cities like Manchester and Birmingham.

The project should consider parking and roads as much as advancements.

Consultation with stakeholders is required to address legal requirements as well as conflicts of interests.

Operational efficiency

Safety is a priority when it comes to vertical and horizontal height.

The superelevation measures below provide information about the methods used to develop an elevation with horizontal curves that overcome frictional effects.

Calculating the rate is the ratio of friction and overturing caused by rail networks.

Clothoid geometry is a civil engineering tactic that helps to guide the transition paths.

In this case R is the initial direction of the directional angle for the coordinates (x and y).

It is crucial to work with transportation engineering in order to improve track resistance, haling ability and reduce wears that may lead railway networks to fail.

The project will require an analysis of jointed versus welded rails, fastenings as well as the best track speeds.

Gradients can be used to complement the vertical curves which are used for indicating the connectivity of the tracks at stations or junctions.

The speed for freight and passenger railways at balanced elevations will be determined by the horizontal geometry curves.

Operational speed is improved through both internal and exterior measures for greater efficiency.

Implementation Of Capacity & Commuter Preferences

The Leeks and Aston stations had major problems, so the logistics of the new stations were rebuilt (Broek 2012.

An improved command system is required to ensure that new carriage can be added to enhance movement at the terminus and station.

This allows for less congestion in the train control systems.

A thorough analysis of the potential freight department passage space is essential before increasing its capacity.

The urban distribution framework is used as the backbone of the plan to optimize timing and capacity deliveries.

The plan from Moorland & City features loading bays, stores, and a waiting room for the modern passenger who requires convenience.

Strategies that prevent collisions are necessary to minimize the impact from the loading tracks.

Concrete and steel have stronger structures, so it is important to analyze the depth of the structures in order to minimize collisions.

The table shows the recommended operating temperatures.

Table 2: Different temperature conditions for the train. (Moxa (2016)


Budget constraints dictate that improvements are made around the station areas.

Leeks station, terminus and surrounding areas require a new architectural design.

The project should have safer tracks as well as economically viable upgrades (Pulido and co., 2012).

The private developer Moorland & City and the government have agreed to make an old station modern using high quality designs.

This mega project is likely to face challenges due to uncertainties, delays, multiple stakeholders, and gaps in private partnership.

It can be challenging to attract investors for such large projects.

Due to the complexity of the various routes and algorithms involved, developing a timetable that works for schedule management can also be difficult (Zhu et. al., 2014).

Coordinating multiple stakeholders takes time.

There are technical difficulties in integrating the old network with a new one.

It is important to choose an effective alignment mechanism.Environmental Impact

Leeks’ railway network needs to be built with a clear plan of sustainable development (Profillidis, 2014).

While structural challenges are an obstacle to the project, environmental management plays a vital role in today’s transport industry.

A strategy plan is necessary for the company’s operations, logistics and management.

Research in railway operations has shown the need for energy conservation as well as waste management.

Cost reduction is possible through the practice of sustainability throughout the railway industry.

Sustainability is enhanced by the infrastructure developments.

This project prioritizes the widespread use LED lighting and low carbon emissions.

Plans also include efforts towards recycling and the use of alternative energy sources.

This plan supports a balanced economic and social benefit of the project by adopting the green railway-engineering theme.

This is cost-effective, and it meets the needs of the local community.

This plan also reduces the hazards that can cause injury (Lees (2012)).

This plan will be implemented as the project addresses concerns regarding noise and air pollution from older rail networks.

However, high speed engines also consume more energy. Future projects will seek to reduce this.


Moorland & City Railway Company is planning to build on the Leeks’ old platform in order to improve the railway system.

This cost-effective method allows the company, as well as other stakeholders, to collaborate with the government in expanding the industry.

These are both opportunities and challenges.

It is necessary to think about the external environment when upgrading an old station to make it more attractive to the surrounding area.

The project is designed to alleviate congestion by increasing the UK rail network’s capacity and making travel more efficient.

In response to passenger demand, the company designs a plan that aligns with the geographic and city plans.

Technical engineering involves a multifaceted and complex approach to the construction and maintenance of the railway network.

The rail network of the future includes advanced technological installations, customer service enhancements and sustainable strategies.

These designs can be used for both passenger and freight trains.

To successfully implement the plan, it will take skilled skills from all industry players.

Due to the global issues, it is important that this strategy considers environmental plans.

As this is a global-oriented development plan, it must take into account advanced security measures.

This plan addresses the current threats, such as terrorism.BibliographyAutopedia, 2015. Wyre ( Rail). [Online] Available at:[Accessed 20 October 2017].Bataille, M. & Steinmetz, A., 2013.

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